Exclude fstab entries that use BIND from nagios nrpe check_disk / check_all_disks

Say you have an /etc/fstab file with an entry for bind:

   tmpfs                   /dev/shm                tmpfs   defaults        0 0
   devpts                  /dev/pts                devpts  gid=5,mode=620  0 0
   sysfs                   /sys                    sysfs   defaults        0 0
   proc                    /proc                   proc    defaults        0 0
** /root/special/folder    /home/user1/folder      none    bind            0 0

If you run the nagios nrpe command (below) as root everything works fine:

/usr/lib64/nagios/plugins/check_disk -w 8% -c 5% -A -x /dev/shm -X nfs -X bind -i /boot

However, when you run this as the nagios user it fails (as is expected since the nagios does not have access to this folder):

sudo -u nagios /usr/lib64/nagios/plugins/check_disk -w 8% -c 5% -A -x /dev/shm -X nfs -X bind -i /boot
DISK CRITICAL - /home/user1/folder is not accessible: Permission denied

Since the nrpe checks are done with nagios a solution is needed. You could exclude the path specifically, using the -x flag:

`-x /home/user1/folder`

But you’d have to do that each time you make any changes to the /etc/fstab file.

In the commands above I left in the -X bind flag, which I attempted, although it does not work. I also tried -X bindfs with no luck.

There are some other flags for different types of file systems.

-X tmpfs
-X devpts
-X sysfs
-X proc
-X binfmt_misc
-X rpc_pipefs
-X nfs

These can also be written as:


However, the one that is needed to exclude the bind is actually the none file system, or -X none or --exclude-type=none

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How to update bash on Ubuntu 10.10 Maverick – fix shellshock

Ubuntu 10.10 Maverick is now past the end-of-life / end-of-support phase so it will no longer be getting any updates, including security updates. To update / patch bash you must do so from source. Here are the commands to download the source for bash and build and install it.

Update – the instructions below were previous instructions, but to prevent the continuous need to apply patches there is an updated method using git:

New Method 1

This method downloads a tarball of the latest source code and is around 7MB in size.

wget "http://git.savannah.gnu.org/cgit/bash.git/snapshot/bash-master.tar.gz"
unzip bash-master.tar.gz
cd bash-master
make install

New Method 2

This method uses git and requires ~ 150MB of space ( includes version history ) but makes future updates easier with a git pull:

git clone git://git.sv.gnu.org/bash.git
cd bash
make install

Old Method

mkdir src
cd src
wget http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/bash/bash-4.3.tar.gz
#download all patches
for i in $(seq -f "%03g" 0 27); do wget     http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/bash/bash-4.3-patches/bash43-$i; done
tar zxvf bash-4.3.tar.gz
cd bash-4.3
#apply all patches
for i in $(seq -f "%03g" 0 27);do patch -p0 < ../bash43-$i; done
#build and install
./configure && make && make install
cd ..
cd ..
rm -r src

Testing Bash for Shellshock

Paste this into a terminal

env x='() { :;}; echo vulnerable' bash -c "echo this is a test"

Desired Result

bash: warning: x: ignoring function definition attempt
bash: error importing function definition for `x'
this is a test

If you get something like the above message you’re good

Old method source: Hacker News

List of support dates for Ubuntu ( from wikipedia’s Ubuntu page ):

How to update bash on Ubuntu 10.10 Maverick – fix shellshock

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Chrome Developer Tools now Open on Right opposed to Opening on the Bottom

If you’ve downloaded a recent beta or canary build of Google Chrome you may notice that sometimes the “developer tools” seem to open at the right instead of at the bottom. If you’re not using a large, wide-screen monitor you may find this inconvenient. Unfortunately it seem the Chromium Developer’s personal preferences have to come before user-experience.

If you want the default setting for the position of Chrome’s Developer tools to be customizable, you’re out of luck. It will attempt to use your last-used preference, but you’ll notice that with incognito mode it will always end up being on the right. Because it is more convenient for the developers, and easier for them to change a default value string rather than code in an actual preference.

Wouldn’t it be nice to do this:

Chrome Developer Tools now Open on Right opposed to Opening on the Bottom

Unfortunately, that is not currently available. So what should you do? Star it, and complain about it here.

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Stay.app’s “Restore All Windows” command from Applescript

If you want to use applescript to run cordlessdog.com‘s Stay.app command “Restore All Windows” command from Applescript, here is how to do it:

tell application "Stay"
    set resultBoolean to restore all windows
end tell

Stay.app’s “Restore All Windows” command from Applescript

Stay.app supports 5 applescript commands which are:

  • restore active application windows
  • restore all windows
  • store active application windows
  • store active window
  • store all windows
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Ruby’s RVM, Shebang, dotfiles, and cron

When attempting to run cron files, and files remotely via SSH there were some issues. My default shell is zsh and the rvm setup is pretty standard too. ( Assuming that you already have rvm installed )

From the documentation page there is this note:

There are five startup files that zsh will read commands from:


If ZDOTDIR is not set, then the value of HOME is used; this is the usual case.

In the /etc/zsh/zprofile file there was a line that did this:

test -f /etc/profile.d/rvm.sh && source /etc/profile.d/rvm.sh

I commented that line out, which is loaded for interactive shells, and moved it instead to /etc/zsh/zshenv which is loaded for both interactive and non-interactive shells.

This allows us to add the shebang #!/usr/bin/env ruby to the top of my .rb files, do a chmod +x and then run them directly ( eg: $ ./my-script.rb )

I don’t know if that is the most “proper” way of getting my scripts to work but it seems to work well for me.

For cron jobs ( in the file edited by crontab -e ) you may want to add something like this as your first line:


That would basically change the default shell for cron jobs. Again, your milage may vary and this probably won’t work on shared hosting platforms.

You can also check your setup to make sure that rvm is installed correctly by typing rvm info – if it gives you any errors search for solutions and fix them. If that command is not found then you probably need to install rvm again ( or perhaps try logging out and logging in again )

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Chrome Breaks Custom Search Engines – version 37.0.2062.94

Google Chrome version 37.0.2062.94 breaks custom search engines. Yep, that’s right. If you had added custom search engines ( and custom shortcuts ) in your Chrome preferences they will not work in incognito mode with this version of Chrome, at least on Mac OS X. This has been an issue even with this version of chrome was in BETA mode, but now it is also affecting the “stable” version.

It may be worth it to downgrade to an older version of Chrome. If you do this you may get the message about “Your profile is from a newer version of Google Chrome” but that can easily be remedied. ( just search for the message )

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Install mitmproxy from source on Ubuntu

If you want to live on the dangerous side, you can install mitmproxy from its master branch. If you encounter any bugs, please do us the favor and report them on the Github issue tracker briefly.

Install from source using PIP

pip uninstall mitmproxy netlib
pip install git+https://github.com/mitmproxy/netlib.git@master
pip install git+https://github.com/mitmproxy/mitmproxy.git@master

Install from source on Ubuntu

Installing mitmproxy master from sources on stock Ubuntu – first uninstall using:

pip uninstall mitmproxy netlib

Now install the required tools:

$ sudo apt-get install -y build-essential libssl-dev libffi-dev python-dev python-pip libxml2-dev libxslt-dev git

Now install with sudo:

$ sudo pip install git+https://github.com/mitmproxy/netlib.git@master
$ sudo pip install git+https://github.com/mitmproxy/mitmproxy.git@master

Now start up a python console and paste in these two commands – this is a workaround for issue 32 :

$ sudo python  #
>>> from netlib import certffi
>>> exit()

Source: github gist

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Install syslinux 3.86 on Ubuntu

Get the syslinux 3.86 download from here, maybe the syslinux-3.86.tar.gz file

To build syslinux-3.86 on Ubuntu, Debian, and similar:

apt-get install build-essential nasm
cd /tmp
wget "https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/boot/syslinux/3.xx/syslinux-3.86.tar.gz"
tar -xf syslinux-3.86.tar.gz
cd /tmp/syslinux-3.86

you will most likely get some errors about building for windows, but when this process finishes you will have the 3.86 version of syslinux working.

Execute the main program by running:


You can also do a make install but that may conflict with other versions of syslinux you have installed ( if you have already tried apt-get install syslinux, for example)

Another note, you can run apt-get install syslinux-legacy to get a version of syslinux that is around 3.63 to 3.82:

Check all of the versions by doing something like this:

$ which syslinux
$ strings /usr/bin/syslinux | grep SYSLINUX
SYSLINUX 4.05 20140113
$ which syslinux-legacy
$ strings /usr/bin/syslinux-legacy | grep SYSLINUX
SYSLINUX 3.63 Debian-2012-04-16
$ strings /tmp/syslinux-3.86/linux/syslinux | grep SYSLINUX
SYSLINUX 3.86 0x53e5a115
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ThinkCentre M83 (10AK) Linux Network Driver

The IBM ThinkCentre M83 ( types 10AG, 10AK, 10AL, and 10BE) have the Intel I217 / L217LM Clarkville according to their spec sheet

Their driver download page does not have a linux network driver.

However, the Intel Download Center provides a driver that should work for these machines.

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Fail2ban: Block CIDR IP Address Ranges (aka wildcard)

It has been requested to have the ability in fail2ban to block whole IP address ranges.

Yaroslav Halchenko replied, saying

we are working on the features which would occur in some 0.9.x release which would make it configurable out-of-the-box, but meanwhile you can just easily create an augmented action file where you would have customized iptables call with /XX to ban whatever big subnet you like

Well, at the time of this writing the current version is Fail2Ban v0.8.6 – and it seems to not have CIDR capabilities out of the box. However, you can still have fail2ban block an IP address by using a command like this:

fail2ban-client -vvv set apache banip

Your fail2ban log file ( maybe /var/log/fail2ban.log ) should have information about the rule you just added. Also, the -vvv flag tells the command to be verbose.

For the rule to take effect, you may need to wait until one of the other files fail2ban is monitoring has a change. So check out your /etc/fail2ban/jail.local file, see what is enabled, and then run touch /path/to/file on a logfile you are watching with fail2ban

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